Color Theory In Photo Editing And Video Editing – Beginners Guide For Post-Production

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To achieve good final output for your Photography or Cinematography you need to know atleast the basics of editing.

As a Photographer or a Cinematographer you won’t give an unedited photos or captured scene to your client. You will need to edit it and give your best output.

Whether you are a photographer or a cinematographer who just want’s to know basic editing tips or you are just someone who want’s to learn editing, you have came to the right place. So, lets get started.

In this post/article, I will share and explain information on Color Theory. This will help you get better at knowing colors and eventually it will help you get better at color grading, color correction, etc. in your Post-Production (Photo Editing and Video Editing)

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COLOR THEORY

This theory explains how the colors are formed. For this purpose there is a figure which is known as COLOR WHEEL.

The color wheel explains how the colors are combined to produce a third color. There are two types of color wheel artistic and technical.

ARTISTIC COLOR WHEEL

In daily life people use color combination in their dressing sense to look descent and attractive. Same way when a colorful design is created the combination of these colors should be matching. For this purpose a color wheel guides how to combine the colors with each other to create an attractive output.

ARTISTIC COLOR WHEEL

Primary Colors:

Red, Blue and Yellow are the Primary Colors.

Secondary Colors:

Colors formed by mixing two primary colors are secondary colors. Orange, Violet and Green are the secondary colors.

RED + BLUE = VIOLET

RED + YELLOW = ORANGE

BLUE + YELLOW = GREEN

Tertiary Colors:

Colors formed by mixing one primary and one secondary color. For example:

BLUE + GREEN = BLUE-GREEN

YELLOW + GREEN = YELLOW-GREEN

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COLOR SCHEMES

It is the choice of colors used in design for a range of media. It is used to create style and appeal. Color scheme involves two or more colors based around a single color to create a design.

Some color schemes:

Monochromatic Color Scheme:

It consists of different values of a single color.

As you can see in the above images taken by me I used monochromatic color scheme to edit my photos. For example, in the second image you can see different shades of the same color which is blue.

Analogous Color Scheme:

Colors those are adjacent to each other on the color wheel. For Example, Yellow and Red are adjacent to Orange.

Blue and Yellow are adjacent to green.

As you can see in the above image there are three different colors blue, green and yellow and they are adjacent to each other in the artistic color wheel.

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Neutral Color Scheme:

A color scheme that includes only colors not found on the color wheel, called neutrals, such as brown and gray.

As you can see the above image contains different shades of brown and gray color.

Warm Color Schemes:

This color scheme contains red, yellow and orange color.

As you can see I used the warm color scheme to edit my photo.

Cool Color Schemes:

This color scheme contains green, violet, blue colors.

As you can see in the above images, I used cool color scheme to edit my photos.

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Complementary Colors:

The color which lies opposite to each other on the wheel is complementary colors. E.g. Green and Red.

The above image contains red and green color.

TECHNICAL COLOR WHEEL

This color wheel explains how the colors are displayed on the monitors.

TECHNICAL COLOR WHEEL

Just like artistic color wheel this wheel also has primary, secondary and tertiary colors but it differs from the other wheel.

Primary Colors:

Red, Green and Blue are primary colors in technical color wheel.

Secondary Colors:

Cyan, Magenta and Yellow are secondary colors in technical color wheel.

Tertiary Colors:

Created by one primary and one secondary color.

YELLOW + RED = ORANGE

GREEN + CYAN = TURQUOISE

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The digital display device uses this color wheel to create different colors on the screen as well as the same wheel can be used in opposite way in print media to print colors.

The phosphors in the crt monitors are of red, green and blue colors. When all the three colors glow at the maximum intensity white color is formed, when they doesnt glow black is formed and when they glow inbetween the maximum and minimum value also the RGB values are equal they create gray.

A printer has two ink cartridge slots, one for black and other for colored ink. The colored cartridge has three colors CYAN, MAGENTA and YELLOW. In printing the process to form colors is reversed.

CYAN + MAGENTA = BLUE

MAGENTA + YELLOW = RED

CYAN + YELLOW = GREEN

Color Theory In Photo Editing And Video Editing – Beginners Guide For Post-Production
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4 thoughts on “Color Theory In Photo Editing And Video Editing – Beginners Guide For Post-Production

    1. Thanks for the tip. I did captured those pictures in raw. I will keep this in mind when I post another article on post-production/editing. Shooting in raw does help you give more control over editing your photograph.

      Like

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